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Poljica PDF Print E-mail
Written by Jut-Cetina   
Sunday, 07 November 2004
The toponym POLJICA (ancient name: Polica) is derived from the croatian word for field, POLJE (Campus, Ager). POLJICA is a diminutive of the word POLJE, signifying a small field. Such small and extremely fertile fields were numerous in the Poljica region. The so-called Etnik (inhabitant of Poljica) is mentioned for the first time in 1080 AD, in Sumpetarski kartular, extremely important historical document in Latin, originating from Sumpetar (Lower Poljica).
Poljica are situated around the Mosor mountain and its slopes. The Cetina river marks the northern border, and the southern border is marked by the Adriatic sea. Mosor is the heart of Poljica, its main defense fortress and the symbol of Poljica peoples' resilience. The natural boundaries of Poljica are the river Cetina, beginning with northeast location, the fortress Nućak below the town Bisko, and following its 50 km course on the way to the Adriatic, which is also the southern border. The river érnovnica marks the western border, and is also runs through Mosor and connects to Cetins below the Nućak fortress.
These bordes have already been precisely defined in the Statute of Poljica, dating from the 15th century. Poljica covers the area of approximately 250 square kilometers. Ground configuration and climate have been the major factors contributing to the division of Poljica region into three microregions: The Upper or Hinterland Poljica (continental climate), Middle and Lower or Coastal Poljica (meditterrenean climate).
Today Poljica are known as THE POLJICA REPUBLIC. Other names have also been used in the past to designate this area: the Poljica district, Poljica municipality, Poljica principality, The Province of Poljica, Universita di Poglizza etc.
Croatian historiography provides us with a few hypotheses concerning the founding of Poljica as an independent district or principality. The Italian travel writer Alberto Fortis was the first to write about the REPUBLIC of Poljica in 1774.
There are two conflicting theories about the establishment of the independent Poljica republic. One theory argues that the Poljica republic has claimed its independence already in the 11th century, during the regin of croatian kings. The other theory claims that Poljica acquired its autonomy in the 14th century, with borders as defined in the 15th century Statute of Poljica, during the reign of Ludovic Angevine the First (1342-1382).
However, the Poljica republic has always been a part of the croatian geopolitical area.
Last Updated ( Sunday, 07 November 2004 )
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